General regulations

  • Maryland has no accreditation requirements.

  • Schools operated by a religious organization need only to register with the state -- they are exempt from approval requirements. Otherwise, schools must receive approval from the state, based on condition of facilities, curriculum and admissions requirements. Based on the approval process, Maryland classifies its schools as 13A.09.09 (private funded) or 13A.09.10 (special needs) schools.

  • The Maryland Department of Education has assembled a page of detailed requirements for private schools.

  • The US Office of Innovation & Improvement has assembled a summary of regulations for private schools operating in Maryland.

  • Homeschool students must be supervised by a local public or private school.

  • The Maryland DOE has no published requirements for school insurance -- consult a professional for guidance in this area.

Education regulations and resources for starting a private school in the state of Maryland

State funding sources & support

Maryland does not provide funding for private education, except in 13A.09.10 schools.

Curriculum requirements

Nonpublic schools must offer math, language arts, social studies (including US History) and science.

Teacher certification & hiring

13A.09.09 schools must hire teachers with a minimum of a bachelor's degree. 13A.09.10 schools must hire certified teachers.

Looking for more?

Our comprehensive Starting a Private School guide includes great information for funding, curriculum, hiring & much more that applies no matter where you’re opening your school.

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Food services / school lunch

In Maryland, school lunch requirements, including funding for schools offering the National School Lunch Program, are managed by the Department of Education.

Length of school year

13A.09.09 schools must have a minimum of 170 school days per year. 13A.09.10 schools must have 180 school days per year.

Recordkeeping and reports

All schools must  reapply annually for approval and include student enrollment records and attendance information. Secondary schools must also keep transcripts for students and transfer student records as needed.

Health and safety requirements

The county health departments will provide vision and hearing screenings to all students. Students must be immunized or provide documentation of a medical or religious exemption.


Tax-exempt private schools who operate their own buses are exempt from paying taxes on the title/registration of school vehicles.


13A.09.09 schools are not required to offer state testing, while 13A.09.10 schools must.

State and regional associations

  • Association of Independent Maryland and DC Schools: AIMS is a nonprofit association of independent schools in Maryland and Washington, DC. Founded in 1967, the association's mission is to serve independent schools by providing outstanding professional development, accreditation services, public advocacy, and networking opportunities.

  • Association of Delaware Valley Independent Schools: A dynamic community of independent schools in the Greater Delaware Valley and beyond, ADVIS enriches and sustains schools through advocacy, thought leadership, professional development, and networking opportunities.

Starting a Private School

Want to know more about opening a school? We’ve assembled a complete guide to starting a private school, with considerations for everything from planning and finance to branding, hiring, curriculum, facilities, and more!

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We've done our best to pull together current and accurate information. Even so, there may be omissions or mistakes or content that needs to be updated. If you have recommendations for any resources or corrections, we appreciate your input so we can continue to improve this guide for everyone. 

Nothing in this guide should be construed as legal, business, or tax advice. It is important that you engage qualified professionals who can advise you on such matters, and please visit the Department of Education pages for your state to verify you are in compliance with all regulations.

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